Out of 182 degree-awarding institutions in Nigeria, 51 will categorically not admit candidates who scored below 180 in the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) for any programme. This is according to a document made available by Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB), which analysed the acceptable UTME scores by the institutions. This was determined during the JAMB annual meeting on admission. Earlier, educommander.com reported how JAMB made announcement of 160 as the minimum cut off point for admission into Nigerian universities for the 2020/2021 academic session.
The decision was arrived at through a voting system during the JAMB annual meeting on admission; some universities however decided they will not go below 180 UTME scores as their cut off point.
INSTITUTIONS THAT APPROVED 200 AND ABOVE
- Pan-Atlantic University – 210
- Covenant University – 200
- Obafemi Awolowo University – 200
- University of Ibadan – 200
- Seminary of All saints (Affiliated to University of Benin) – 200
- University of Benin – 200
- Bigard Memorial Seminary (Affiliated to University of Ibadan) – 200
- University of Lagos – 200
- Immanuel College of Theology and Christian Education (Affiliated to University of Ibadan) – 200
- St. Peter and Paul Seminary – 200
INSTITUTIONS THAT APPROVED 190 AND ABOVE
- Lagos State University
INSTITUTIONS THAT APPROVED 180 AND ABOVE
- Nigerian Army University – 180
- Ekiti State University – 180
- Afe Babalola University – 180
- Baptist College of Technology (Affiliated to Abrose Ali University) – 180
- Anchor University, Ayobo – 180
- Pamo University of Medical Sciences – 180
- Redeemer University, Osun State – 180
- Landmark University – 180
- Alex Ekweme Federal University – 180
- University of Ilorin, Ilorin – 180
- University of Jos – 180
- Federal University … – 180
- University of Abuja – 180
- Bayero University – 180
- Ahmadu Bello University – 180
- Augustine University – 180
- Rivers State University – 180
- Spiritan Int’l School of Technology (Affiliated to University of Nigeria, Nsukka) – 180
- Adekunle Ajasin University – 180
- Imo State University – 180
- Nigerian Police Academy – 180
- Spiritan School of Technology – 180
- University of Port Harcourt – 180
- Ladoke Akintola University of Technology – 180
- Claretian Institute of Philosophy (Affiliated to Imo State University) – 180
- Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna – 180
- Benue State University – 180
- Seat of Wisdom seminary (Affiliated to Imo State University) – 180
- Ondo State University of Science and Technology – 180
- Olabisi Onabanjo University – 180
- Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta – 180
- Beyalsa Medical University – 180
- Federal university of Technology, Imo State – 180
- Federal University of Technology, Akure – 180
- University of Nigeria Nsukka – 180
- Federal University of Petroleum Resources – 180
- Ondo State University of Medical Sciences – 180
- Abubakar Tafewa Balewa University – 180
- University of Uyo – 180
- Ambrose Ali University, Ekpoma – 180
The breakdown of the 51 tertiary institutions that fixed their cut off point at 180 and above shows that, only one fixed 210 as minimum score; 10 pegged theirs at 200 and above, while 40 fixed 180.
Meanwhile, regarding the minimum score, the JAMB spokesperson, Fabian Benjamin, explained that “no uniform UTME minimum score for admission” as each institution decides and submits to JAMB its minimum UTME score “after having analysed the UTME performances of its applicants against its available quota.”
“There is a layer of misconceptions on what is generally described as uniform minimum national UTME score for admission into tertiary institutions in Nigeria. For long, many candidates and some members of the general public have come under the erroneous impression that there is a minimum UTME score, which they also refer to as cut off point,” he said.
He also added that the UTME score is not the sole determinant of placement of candidates into tertiary institutions.
“The undue attention to the so-called national minimum UTME score (UTME cut off point) is a major source of failure of many ill-informed candidates who assumed that they have finally attained the benchmark having achieved the so-called minimum national score or cut off point for admission,” he said.
He further stated that decisions at the annual policy meeting on admission does not reduce the minimum prescription of the institutions “except the few institutions whose submitted minimum UTME scores fall below what the policy meeting considers as the minimum score acceptable.”
“UTME score is just one of the two or three scores that generally added together to obtain the eventual aggregate score and ranking of the candidates,” he said.
JAMB AND THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF CAPS
CAPS is the acronym for the Central Admission Processing System instituted by Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB). JAMB is a Nigerian entrance examination board for tertiary-level institutions. The board was established by an Act of 1978, and was subsequently amended in 1989 and 1993. JAMB is saddled with the following mandates:
- General control over the conduct of matriculation examinations into all Universities, Monotecnics, Polytechnics and Colleges of Education;
- Appointment of examiners, moderators, invigilators, members of the subject panels and committees and other persons with respect to matriculation examinations;
- Placements of suitably qualified candidates in the tertiary institutions in collaboration with those institutions.
JAMB, in the discharge of its mandates introduced an innovative admission mechanism known as CAPS. The rationale behind the introduction of CAPS as far back as 2017/2018 session is to monitor the admission process of various institutions in order to ensure a free and fair admission process. It is concerned with the automation of the admission process into Nigerian universities. From the explanation above, you will agree with us that JAMB CAPS is a great innovation that has really helped to regulate the admission process.
Furthermore, there are lots of benefits attached to JAMB CAPS which include but not limited to:
- Ensuring JAMB operational efficiency.
- Refocusing JAMB on its founding ideals as a clearing house for the admission process.
- Expanding admission opportunities.
- Providing credible and easily accessible data for research and planning etc.
Notably, JAMB CAPS does not offer admission out of nowhere, it offers based on the criteria set by the preferred institutions of candidates. JAMB receive the admission criteria and then JAMB CAPS ranks and suggest candidates which meet the institution’s admission criteria as configured on the system by various institutions. The lists are then sent to the University Admission Desk Officers of tertiary institutions in Nigeria who will in turn review the list JAMB CAPS suggested.
It must be understood that JAMB CAPS does not upload the list of the suggested candidates as they have not been approved by the institutions. After the review of lists of the suggested candidates by different tertiary institutions, the lists of proposed students otherwise known as “the list of recommended students” is then forwarded to JAMB. At this point, JAMB reviews the recommended candidates to confirm they are from the initial lists sent to the various institutions.
This is where the rights of students are mostly protected. It is where JAMB ensures that qualified students are not denied admission. In conclusion, JAMB CAPS has been very helpful and innovative mechanism which ensures free and fair admission process to well qualified candidates. This has help in curbing the influence of the Nigerian factor ‘connection being more important than qualification.’